11. Usage of Natural Resources

The company discloses the extent to which natural resources are used for the company’s business activities. Possible options here are materials, the input and output of water, soil, waste, energy, land and biodiversity as well as emissions for the life cycles of products and services.

As a non-producing company operating on rented office space, cosnova GmbH has limited influence on its own use of natural resources. The most relevant resources for cosnova include:
In the following, the individual areas in which environmentally-relevant data are already collected and optimized are explained in detail.

Sulzbach Office Site
At the Sulzbach office site, the energy consumption, amount of kitchen waste and paper usage are recorded. In 2015, an energy audit was carried out at the Sulzbach site in accordance with legal requirements. Due to the rental situation, this only resulted in a few potential savings, as the systems technology is located in the building and is not under the control of cosnova GmbH.

Butzbach Logistics Site 
The new CNL Logistics Centre was built in 2016 in accordance with the EnEV standard (Energy Savings Regulation). Various other measures were also implemented to make our logistics processes more environmentally-friendly and a Lean and Green program was launched. In addition, an extensive project was carried out to optimize and reduce the logistics waste generated at the site and to optimize the use of shipping cartons. 

CO2 emissions in the cosnova business model in general:
The business model of pure contract manufacturing requires long, upstream transport routes, as the globally manufactured products have to be transported to the warehouse of the logistics partner CNL. The data collection of these transports is currently not possible, which severely limits the concrete possibility of influencing these outsourced processes. The following processes are affected: This illustration clearly shows that although there is potential for reducing CO2 emissions within the transport routes, the possible influence on environmentally harmful CO2 emissions within the business activities of cosnova GmbH is generally very limited. To date, individual CO2 emission values at and from the Sulzbach and Butzbach sites have been determined within the scope of the options available. The determination of the total CO2 footprint of cosnova GmbH was carried out for the first time for the 2018 financial year. With the collection of this data, the decisive hotspots of cosnova's business activities with regard to their CO2 emissions were identified. On this basis, the future reduction targets will be formulated in 2019. 

Emissions at the Sulzbach site: 
Relevant CO2 emissions at and due to the Sulzbach site are mainly caused by business trips, electricity consumption and heating as well as, to a comparatively small degree, by the company's own vehicle fleet, the disposal of the waste produced and the commuting distances of employees. 

Emissions at the Butzbach logistics site:
Relevant CO2 emissions at the logistics site are caused by electricity consumption, gas consumption and downstream transport routes. The construction of the new logistics center has made it possible to implement a number of CO2 -reducing measures. Gas consumption and the resulting emissions have decreased significantly compared to the old site, despite the larger usable area in the new warehouse. The reduction in gas consumption can be explained by the installation of special dark heaters in the ceilings of the logistics center as well as the optimized insulation of the hall ceilings and walls. All of these measures are aimed at reducing energy consumption at the logistics site and conserving energy resources. In addition, there will be a conversion to certified green electricity from renewable resources on 01.01.2019. 

Energy at the Subzbach site: 
The type of electricity as well as the electricity consumption can also be directly influenced in rented office space. cosnova GmbH already switched to green electricity from renewable energies quite some time ago and started implementing smaller energy-saving projects in 2014. These include a comprehensive conversion of the bathroom lighting to motion detectors and, for example, the conversion of daylight luminaires to special motion-activated floor lamps over the entire rented office space. 

Energy at the Butzbach logistics site: 
During the construction of the new CNL logistics center, all lighting was converted to LED technology due to the higher energy-efficiency of LED lamps compared to conventional light sources.

Water: Water consumption is neither relevant for the Sulzbach site nor for the logistics center and is therefore not recorded.
 
Waste at the Sulzbach site: 
Since the Renewable Energy Sources Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz - EEG) came into force, electricity production from biomass has grown strongly. We also participate in this process by recycling the kitchen and food waste from the company's own canteen in a biogas plant. All other waste generated at the site is disposed of directly by the landlord and is not within the scope of control of cosnova GmbH. 

Waste at the Butzbach logistics site: 
The waste generated at the logistics site is part of an extensive waste optimization and reduction project. In addition to a general waste reduction, we have set ourselves the goal of identifying alternative materials with a reduced ecological footprint as well as of finding the best possible recycling solutions for the remaining waste through recycling or upcycling projects.
 
 Paper at the Sulzbach site:
The paper consumption at the office location is recorded annually, qualitatively it is fresh fiber paper, which is 100 percent PEFC and EU Ecolabel certified. Various interdepartmental projects have been initiated to reduce paper consumption, for example, the introduction of a "chip for all systems" on all printers, which avoids unnecessary printing. Other activities include the general presetting of printers to double-sided printing or the introduction of an electronic invoicing system in the Accounting Department. For two consecutive years, introducing these measures has led to a reduction in total paper consumption of more than 20 percent. In the long-term, cosnova GmbH is aiming for a completely paperless office.

Paper at the Butzbach logistics site: 
In order to reduce the paper consumption at the logistics site, further concrete projects have already been initiated in addition to the general aim of reducing waste, which also includes the reduction of paper consumption. For example, by minimizing the wall thickness of the cardboard used or setting up a small internal print shop. With the help of this in-house print shop, assembly instructions and other documents can be printed piece by piece, thus avoiding unnecessary printouts that were previously not avoidable when ordering from external partners.  

Cosmetic raw materials: 
A wide variety of natural resources in the form of cosmetic raw materials are used to manufacture our products. According to our internal raw material cluster, these include natural substances, biologically modified substances and mineral substances. Natural substances and biologically modified substances have the largest diversity of raw materials.

Looking at the quantitative share of raw materials in the finished products, the category of biologically modified substances accounts for 20 percent of the total raw material share, natural substances for 6 percent and the category of mineral substances for 8 percent. Consequently, one third of all raw materials used have a natural origin or can be considered near-natural. 


12. Resource Management

The company discloses what qualitative and quantitative goals it has set itself with regard to its resource efficiency, in particular its use of renewables, the increase in raw material productivity and the reduction in the usage of ecosystem services, which measures and strategies it is pursuing to this end, how these are or will be achieved, and where it sees there to be risks.

As a non-producing company, cosnova GmbH has not yet had any measurable influence on the resource efficiency in the production process or in the reduction of the ecological footprint of its business partners. Due to the complexity of the supply chain, caused by the business model of contract manufacturing, this is not readily feasible. Where possible, such as at the newly built logistics site, efforts are made to use resources more efficiently and concrete goals are formulated. For example, the following concrete goals have been formulated for the logistics waste generated at the Butzbach site: There is no planned target achievement for this area yet.

Thanks to a cooperation with AfB gGmbH, Europe's largest non-profit IT company, we are increasing our resource efficiency by recycling our outdated IT hardware. The equipment gets a second life and saves emissions, metals and energy by substituting the production of new equipment. The processes for disposing of outdated IT hardware are subject to annual monitoring. In the year under review, a total of 400 kilograms of IT hardware were collected by AfB. Of these, 51 percent were refurbished. The remaining 49 percent of the hardware was disposed of correctly and all materials recycled as far as possible. By avoiding new production processes, natural resources are verifiably conserved. In the 2018 reporting year, 2,984 kilograms of iron equivalents and 10,949 kilowatt hours of energy were saved through our cooperation with AfB. There are no concrete goals or planned target achievements in this area yet.
We are also working on optimizing resource efficiency at a brand level. The aim is to develop a sustainable primary packaging concept for each brand, to design trade marketing materials more sustainably, to make product counters more reusable and to optimize limited editions with regard to their recycling. At a raw materials level, we are working on gradually developing our products in three areas: health, social and environmental safety. As part of our sustainability strategy, we have therefore been conducting an INCI analysis since 2014. It evaluates the cosmetic ingredients used with regard to health, environmental and social aspects. Ingredients can contain potential risks to the environment, health or social aspects without, however, being subject to legal regulations. These potentials are investigated and evaluated under the cosnova INCI analysis umbrella. The evaluations are carried out in accordance with the corporate ethics and policy of cosnova GmbH, in accordance with the assessment of the fundamental hazard potential of a raw material and not primarily according to the risk arising from a raw material (hazard approach). All raw materials used for cosnova are thus checked, evaluated and categorized using a traffic light system, from red (highly hazardous) to green (low to no risk at all). Raw materials classified in red and yellow undergo a separate review, which results in concrete recommendations for action and objectives for the respective substance or substance group. The aim is to reduce the number of raw materials with a red evaluation. There is no planned target achievement for this area yet.

Key Performance Indicators to criteria 11 to 12

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-301-1: Materials used
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Total weight or volume of materials that are used to produce and package the organization’s primary products and services during the reporting period, by:
i. non-renewable materials used;
ii. renewable materials used.

Paper at the Sulzbach site:
Paper consumption 2016 2017 2018
Total sheets 1,163,360 967,732 793,904
Sheets/Employee 3,127 2,326 1,842
Reduction compared to previous year n. a. -25 % -20 %

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-302-1: Energy consumption
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Total fuel consumption within the organization from non-renewable sources, in joules or multiples, and including fuel types used.

b. Total fuel consumption within the organization from renewable sources, in joules or multiples, and including fuel types used.

c. In joules, watt-hours or multiples, the total:
i. electricity consumption
ii. heating consumption
iii. cooling consumption
iv. steam consumption

d. In joules, watt-hours or multiples, the total:
i. electricity sold
ii. heating sold
iii. cooling sold
iv. steam sold

e. Total energy consumption within the organization, in joules or multiples.

f. Standards, methodologies, assumptions, and/or calculation tools used.

g. Source of the conversion factors used.

52.9% of the electricity used comes from renewable energies. There are no comparative figures for district heating, diesel and petrol for 2018 yet.
The electricity used comes from non-renewable sources and we switched to 100% eco-electricity from renewable sources on 01.01.2019.
The gas used comes from non-renewable sources.
Energy consumption cosnova Sulzbach    
  2015 2018    
Electricity (kWh) 399,356,0 314,723.0    
District heating (kWh) 536,885,0 536,885.0 * No figures for 2018
Diesel (kWh) 14,795.0 14,795.0 * No figures for 2018
Petrol (kWh) 6,199.0 6,199.0 * No figures for 2018
Total (kWh) 957,236.0 872,602.0    

 
       
         
Energy consumption CNL Butzbach      
  2015 2016 2017 2018
Electricity (kWh) 364,459.7 696,140.7 737,375.6 811,183.5
Gas (kWh) 1,325,688.1 920,183.5 821,100.9 780,275.2
Total (kWh) 1,690,147.8 1,616,324.1 1,558,476.6 1,591,458.8

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-302-4: Reduction of energy consumption
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Amount of reductions in energy consumption achieved as a direct result of conservation and efficiency initiatives, in joules or multiples.

b. Types of energy included in the reductions; whether fuel, electricity, heating, cooling, steam, or all.

c. Basis for calculating reductions in energy consumption, such as base year or baseline, including the rationale for choosing it.

d. Standards, methodologies, assumptions, and/or calculation tools used.

The electricity consumption per m² at the Sulzbach site has decreased by 35% over the last 3 years (compared to 2015).

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-303-3: Water withdrawal
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Total water withdrawal from all areas in megaliters, and a breakdown of this total by the following sources, if applicable:
i. Surface water;
ii. Groundwater;
iii. Seawater;
iv. Produced water;
v. Third-party water.

b. Total water withdrawal from all areas with water stress in megaliters, and a breakdown of this total by the following sources, if applicable:
i. Surface water;
ii. Groundwater;
iii. Seawater;
iv. Produced water;
v. Third-party water, and a breakdown of this total by the withdrawal sources listed in i-iv.

c. A breakdown of total water withdrawal from each of the sources listed in Disclosures 303-3-a and 303-3-b in megaliters by the following categories:
i. Freshwater (≤1,000 mg/L Total Dissolved Solids);
ii. Other water (>1,000 mg/L Total Dissolved Solids).

d. Any contextual information necessary to understand how the data have been compiled, such as any standards, methodologies, and assumptions used.

Due to the fact that cosnova does not produce itself, we do not regard water extraction as a relevant performance indicator.

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-306-2: Waste
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Total weight of hazardous waste, with a breakdown by the following disposal methods where applicable:
i. Reuse
ii. Recycling
iii. Composting
iv. Recovery, including energy recovery
v. Incineration (mass burn)
vi. Deep well injection
vii. Landfill
viii. On-site storage
ix. Other (to be specified by the organization)

b. Total weight of non-hazardous waste, with a breakdown by the following disposal methods where applicable:
i. Reuse
ii. Recycling
iii. Composting
iv. Recovery, including energy recovery
v. Incineration (mass burn)
vi. Deep well injection
vii. Landfill
iii. On-site storage
ix. Other (to be specified by the organization)

c. How the waste disposal method has been determined:
i. Disposed of directly by the organization, or otherwise directly confirmed
ii. Information provided by the waste disposal contractor
iii. Organizational defaults of the waste disposal contractor


Waste produced by category:     Waste produced per 100 million units:  
  2016 (t) 2017 (t) 2018 (t)     2016 (t) 2017 (t) 2018 (t)
Paper 214.9 263.8 326.2   Paper 62.9 72.2 90.3
Hazardous goods 295.2 218.5 182.8   Hazardous goods 86.3 59.8 50.6
Residual waste 82.5 117.6 275.6   Residual waste 24.1 32.2 76.3
Plastic materials 55.1 84.4 69.9   Plastic materials 16.1 23.1 19.4
Mixed scrap 2.3 9.1 4.3   Mixed scrap 0.7 2.5 1.2
Wood 11.6 6.5 6.8   Wood 3.4 1.8 1.9




Waste produced by disposal method:  
  2016 (t) 2017 (t) 2018 (t)
Material 239.6 300.0 359.8
Energetic 422.0 399.8 505.7


Waste produced by disposal method per 100 million units:
  2016 (t) 2017 (t) 2018 (t)
Material 70.1 82.1 99.6
Energetic 123.4 109.4 140.0

13. Climate-Relevant Emissions

The company discloses the GHG emissions in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol or standards based on it and states the goals it has set itself to reduce emissions, as well as its results thus far.

The determination of the total CO2 footprint of cosnova GmbH was carried out for the first time for the 2018 financial year. With the collection of this data, the most important hotspots of cosnova's business activities with regard to their CO2 emissions were identified. The future reduction targets will be formulated on this basis in 2019. At the CNL Logistics Centre, reduction targets have already been set through the participation in the Lean and Green Initiative. 
The hotspots of the CO2 emissions of cosnova GmbH include:
According to the available data, the largest share of climate-relevant emissions within the business activities of cosnova GmbH occurs as a result of purchased goods. In 2018, this generated 37,000 tons of CO2 equivalents, mainly from product packaging and the cosmetic ingredients used. Upstream and downstream transports are in second place, with around 7,000 tons of CO2 equivalents each year and product disposal is in third place with around 3,000 tons of CO2 equivalents each year. The Sulzbach site, on the other hand, has rather little influence on the overall CO2 balance with CO2 emissions of 225 tons for electricity (66 percent), 113 tons for heat (33 percent) and 6 tons for fuels (1 percent; data basis 2015). The same applies to the logistics center with an absolute CO2 emission of 698.4 tons (status: 2018) per year. Despite all this, a Lean and Green CO2 reduction project is already underway at the logistics center with the aim of reducing CO2 emissions by 20 percent by 2020. Within the first 3 years, the absolute CO2 emissions have already been reduced by 12%.
In addition to the Lean and Green project, cosnova contributes to climate protection by compensating for CO2 greenhouse gases caused by air travel. Since 2016, the resulting emissions have been offset by the non-profit GmbH atmosfair. The costs of the compensation benefit one climate protection project at a time. In the 2018 reporting year, we supported a project to generate electricity from biomass from mustard crop waste in Rajasthan, India. The biomass power plant uses these crop residues to generate electricity from renewable energies. The electricity produced is fed into the regional grid and replaces electricity from coal-fired and gas-fired power plants, thus avoiding greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to providing a secure and reliable electricity supply for the population, the power plant also provides extra income for small farmers as they can sell their crop residues to the power plant. The project thus benefits not only climate protection but also the social, ecological and economic development of the region. atmosfair operates its projects according to the rules of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) anchored in the Kyoto Protocol and the "Gold Standard" established by international environmental organizations. Independent organizations approved by the United Nations (e.g. TÜV) monitor the actual CO2 reduction of the projects. There are other smaller projects that benefit climate protection in the area of employee mobility. One example is the integration of a so-called bonus-malus system in the company car guideline, which encourages company car drivers to switch to more environmentally-friendly vehicles. cosnova provides all interested employees with job tickets for public transport. Since the introduction of job tickets in July 2016, the number of job ticket users has risen steadily (42 percent usage by employees, status in 2018).

                                      Job ticket users


In addition, there is a company travel policy that is used when booking business trips for employees, which also favors sustainable travel, such as rail travel on short distances of up to 400 kilometers.

Key Performance Indicators to criteria 13

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-305-1: Direct (Scope 1) GHG emissions
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Gross direct (Scope 1) GHG emissions in metric tons of CO2 equivalent.

b. Gases included in the calculation; whether CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3 or all.

c. Biogenic CO2 emissions in metric tons of CO2 equivalent.

d. Base year for the calculation, if applicable, including:
i. the rationale for choosing it;
ii. emissions in the base year;
iii. the context for any significant changes in emissions that triggered recalculations of base year emissions.

e. Source of the emission factors and the global warming potential (GWP) rates used, or a reference to the GWP source.

f. Consolidation approach for emissions; whether equity share, financial control, or operational control.

g. Standards, methodologies, assumptions, and/or calculation tools used.

Direct GHG emissions
Scope 1  
  2018
Diesel  (t CO2 e) 149 
Petrol  (t CO2 e) 80 
Gas (CNL) (t CO2 e) 158 
Total (t CO2 e) 387 t

The data collection and calculation were carried out in accordance with the GHG Protocol (
http://ghgprotocol.org/). The emission factors from IPCC were used

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-305-2: Energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Gross location-based energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions in metric tons of CO2 equivalent.

b. If applicable, gross market-based energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions in metric tons of CO2 equivalent.

c. If available, the gases included in the calculation; whether CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3, or all.

d. Base year for the calculation, if applicable, including:
i. the rationale for choosing it;
ii. emissions in the base year;
iii. the context for any significant changes in emissions that triggered recalculations of base year emissions.

e. Source of the emission factors and the global warming potential (GWP) rates used, or a reference to the GWP source.

f. Consolidation approach for emissions; whether equity share, financial control, or operational control.

g. Standards, methodologies, assumptions, and/or calculation tools used.

Scope 2  
  2018
Electricity Sulzbach  (t CO2 e) 192 
Electricity Butzbach (t CO2 e) 496 
District heating Sulzbach 66 
Total (t CO2 e) 754 t
The data collection and calculation was carried out in accordance with the GHG Protocol (http://ghgprotocol.org/). The emission factors from ecoinvent (https://www.ecoinvent.org/) were used.

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-305-3: Other indirect (Scope 3) GHG emissions
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Gross other indirect (Scope 3) GHG emissions in metric tons of CO2 equivalent.

b. If available, the gases included in the calculation; whether CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3, or all.

c. Biogenic CO2 emissions in metric tons of CO2 equivalent.

d. Other indirect (Scope 3) GHG emissions categories and activities included in the calculation.

e. Base year for the calculation, if applicable, including:
i. the rationale for choosing it;
ii. emissions in the base year;
iii. the context for any significant changes in emissions that triggered recalculations of base year emissions.

f. Source of the emission factors and the global warming potential (GWP) rates used, or a reference to the GWP source.

g. Standards, methodologies, assumptions, and/or calculation tools used.

Scope 3  
  2018
Purchased goods (t CO2 e) 36,863.00
Upstream transportation (t CO2 e) 7,826.00
Downstream transportation (t CO2 e) 6,386.00
End of life of sold products (t CO2 e) 2,946.00
Business travel (t CO2 e) 1,449.00
Employee commuting (t CO2 e) 1,298.00
Waste (t CO2 e) 757.00
Upstream energy (t CO2 e) 121.00
Total (t CO2 e) 57,646.00

The data collection and calculation was carried out in accordance with the GHG Protocol (
http://ghgprotocol.org/).

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-305-5: Reduction of GHG emissions
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. GHG emissions reduced as a direct result of reduction initiatives, in metric tons of CO2 equivalent.

b. Gases included in the calculation; whether CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3, or all.

c. Base year or baseline, including the rationale for choosing it.

d. Scopes in which reductions took place; whether direct (Scope 1), energy indirect (Scope 2), and/or other indirect (Scope 3).

e. Standards, methodologies, assumptions, and/or calculation tools used.

Reduction of the GHG emissions CNL Butzbach        
  2015 2016 2017 2018
Absolute (t CO2 e) 1,124 1,009 1,277 1,358
Relative 38 34 38 42
Relative reduction (%) - 10% 12% 11%
Absolute reduction (t CO2 e) - 116 133 122
As a reference value for the relative GHG emissions: Sum of the tonnage in motion from incoming and outgoing goods divided by two.
The calculations were carried out on the basis of the DSLV guideline "Calculation of greenhouse gas emissions in shipping and logistics in accordance with DIN EN 16258" (2nd edition; status: March 2013). 

Reduction of avoidable emissions: 
By disposing of IT hardware via AfB, 4,148 kilograms of
CO2 equivalents were saved in 2018.