Key Performance Indicators to criteria 11 to 12

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-301-1: Materials used
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Total weight or volume of materials that are used to produce and package the organization’s primary products and services during the reporting period, by:
i. non-renewable materials used;
ii. renewable materials used.



De-icers used 1)  
  2017/2018
Apron de-icer in t2) 4,699
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type I) in m3 5,139
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type IV) in m3 879
Recycling rate of Type I de-icer used in % 64.9
Number of days of winter operations 58
1)  Seasonal database/fluctuations in year-on-year comparisons are linked to winter weather conditions. 
 

2) Liquid potassium formate and sodium formate granules.

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-302-1: Energy consumption
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Total fuel consumption within the organization from non-renewable sources, in joules or multiples, and including fuel types used.

b. Total fuel consumption within the organization from renewable sources, in joules or multiples, and including fuel types used.

c. In joules, watt-hours or multiples, the total:
i. electricity consumption
ii. heating consumption
iii. cooling consumption
iv. steam consumption

d. In joules, watt-hours or multiples, the total:
i. electricity sold
ii. heating sold
iii. cooling sold
iv. steam sold

e. Total energy consumption within the organization, in joules or multiples.

f. Standards, methodologies, assumptions, and/or calculation tools used.

g. Source of the conversion factors used.



Energy consumption and emissions      
  2018    
  GJ MWh CO2 (t)
Scope 1: Direct energy consumption/emissions      
Natural gas gas/diesel generating sets CHPP 0 0 0
Natural gas gas/gasoline generating sets CHPP 1,289,542 358,206 71,570
Natural gas boiler plant 18,252 5,070 1,013
Fuel oil gas/diesel gensets 24,228 6,730 1,795
Fuel oil boiler plant 1,937 538 144
LPG 1,121 311 73
Fuel oil emergency gensets 1,721 478 127
Natural gas consumption EFM1) 10,037 2,788 557
Diesel and gasoline 164,269 45,630 12,063
Total Scope 1 1,511,107 419,752 87,341

1)EFM: Gesellschaft für Enteisen und Flugzeugschleppen am Flughafen München (company responsible for de-icing at Munich Airport); associated company

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-302-4: Reduction of energy consumption
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Amount of reductions in energy consumption achieved as a direct result of conservation and efficiency initiatives, in joules or multiples.

b. Types of energy included in the reductions; whether fuel, electricity, heating, cooling, steam, or all.

c. Basis for calculating reductions in energy consumption, such as base year or baseline, including the rationale for choosing it.

d. Standards, methodologies, assumptions, and/or calculation tools used.



Scope 2: Indirect energy consumption/emissions3)   GJ   MWh   CO2 (t)
Purchased power4) 223,259 62,016 33,303
Purchased district heat5) 100,649 27,958 2,978
Purchased natural gas6) 64,238 17,844 3,565
Power supplied to outside companies7) -200,393 -55,665 -29,892
Heat supplied to outside companies -86,515 -24,032 -4,576
Cooling supplied to outside companies -3,870 -1,075 -115
Natural gas supplied to outside companies -64,238 -17,844 -3,565
Purchased power transmitted8) 89,476 24,854 13,347
Total scope 213) 9) 9) 15,045

Scope 3: Other indirect energy consumption/emissions (by third parties)  10)  10)   CO2 (t)
Electrical energy purchases of outside companies - - 29,892
Heat purchases of outside companies - - 4,576
Cooling purchases of outside companies - - 115
Natural gas purchases of outside companies - - 3,565
Fuel for outside companies - - 9,571
Subtotal 9) 9) 47,719
Total annual CO2 emissions  open to influence11)     150,105
Air traffic (LTO cycle)12) - -  
Take-off - - 56,306
Climb out - - 97,381
Idle (taxiing on the apron) - - 174,565
Approach - - 116,348
APU with PCA14) - - 25,532
Engine test runs - - 456
Feeder traffic15) - - 37,992
Total scope 3     556,299

1)
Data collected and reported according to the GHG protocol WRI/WBCSD Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. Principle of operational control applied. To the extent that they are subject to emissions trading, conversion parameters, such as heat values and emission factors in particular, are determined according to the provisions of the German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt). Other conversion parameters are based on the latest publications from the German Federal Environment Agency (UBA).

2)EFM: Gesellschaft für Enteisen und Flugzeugschleppen am Flughafen München (company responsible for de-icing at Munich Airport); associated company

3)Scope -2 emissions reported using the GHG Protocol Scope -2 Guidance (2015) in accordance with the «location-based» method based on emission factors for domestic consumption in Germany, electricity mix, and district heating mix. Net scope 2 emissions with specific emission factors are 0.537 kg/kWh for electricity and 0.213 kg/kWh for district heat from fossil fuels. The total purchased district heat consists of 50 percent district heat from fossil fuels and 50 percent district heat from biomass with a specific emission factor of 0 kg/kWh.

4)45.84 percent of electricity from renewable energy sources (as of 2017 according to section 42 of the German Energy Act (EnWG))

5)50 percent of district heat is purchased from biomass directly from the biomass thermal power plant in Zolling

6)Solely natural gas purchased (baseline year 2018), no renewable energy sources

7)Including the quantity transmitted to outside companies

8)Total power transmitted to outside companies and subsidiaries. The specific emission factor used for purchased power was also used here

9) For physical reasons it is not practical to add heat, cooling energy, and electricity in energy units. The sum can only be used to draw very limited conclusions

10)No information as values cannot be specified for all items

11)Sum of scope 1, scope 2, and the subtotal of scope 3a; this is the comparative value for the reference value taken from the baseline year of 2005 at 162,046 tonnes. The CO2 reference value must not be exceeded in spite of expansion plans and the expected growth

12)Emissions calculated using the LASPORT model for classifying flight operations in accordance with the LTO cycle  

13)Scope -2 emissions calculated using the GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance (2015) in accordance with the «market-based» method results in a figure of 9,311 t of CO2. This is based on an emission factor of 0.352 kg/kWh for the Munich Airport network. The other emission factors stated in footnote 3 remain unchanged

14)Calculated from aircraft movements using the LASPORT model, subsequently taking into account the APU emissions avoided by using PCA systems

15)Feeder traffic includes the road traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and employees around the airport

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-303-3: Water withdrawal
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Total water withdrawal from all areas in megaliters, and a breakdown of this total by the following sources, if applicable:
i. Surface water;
ii. Groundwater;
iii. Seawater;
iv. Produced water;
v. Third-party water.

b. Total water withdrawal from all areas with water stress in megaliters, and a breakdown of this total by the following sources, if applicable:
i. Surface water;
ii. Groundwater;
iii. Seawater;
iv. Produced water;
v. Third-party water, and a breakdown of this total by the withdrawal sources listed in i-iv.

c. A breakdown of total water withdrawal from each of the sources listed in Disclosures 303-3-a and 303-3-b in megaliters by the following categories:
i. Freshwater (≤1,000 mg/L Total Dissolved Solids);
ii. Other water (>1,000 mg/L Total Dissolved Solids).

d. Any contextual information necessary to understand how the data have been compiled, such as any standards, methodologies, and assumptions used.

d.

Total drinking water consumption1),2)  
1 m³ corresponds to 0,001 megaliters 2018
Water purchased from utility in m3 986,580
Water consumption per 1,000 traffic units in m3 19.8
1)  Includes all companies on the campus. 
 
 
2) Values are derived as follows: water metering in m3 measured at the drinking water feed points (transfer points) from the water utility company to Munich Airport.


Munich Airport sources its drinking water from the Moosrain water utility company, which extracts it from the tertiary strata via seven water wells at depths of between 94 and 160 meters. The water wells are located in water protection areas at «Obere Point» (surface area 33 ha) and «Oberdingermoos» (surface area 36 ha) in the Oberding municipality.
www.moosrain.de/versorgung/technische-anlagen





Total wastewater discharge1), 2)  
  2018
Total wastewater discharged from Munich Airport to the sewage plant of the Erdinger Moos Sewage Association in m3  2,402,292
Wastewater consumption per 1,000 traffic units in m3 48.2
1)Includes all companies on the campus. 
 

2)The wastewater discharged to the sewage plant consists of domestic wastewater, industrial wastewater, mixed water, and de-icing waste.

Key Performance Indicator GRI SRS-306-2: Waste
The reporting organization shall report the following information:

a. Total weight of hazardous waste, with a breakdown by the following disposal methods where applicable:
i. Reuse
ii. Recycling
iii. Composting
iv. Recovery, including energy recovery
v. Incineration (mass burn)
vi. Deep well injection
vii. Landfill
viii. On-site storage
ix. Other (to be specified by the organization)

b. Total weight of non-hazardous waste, with a breakdown by the following disposal methods where applicable:
i. Reuse
ii. Recycling
iii. Composting
iv. Recovery, including energy recovery
v. Incineration (mass burn)
vi. Deep well injection
vii. Landfill
iii. On-site storage
ix. Other (to be specified by the organization)

c. How the waste disposal method has been determined:
i. Disposed of directly by the organization, or otherwise directly confirmed
ii. Information provided by the waste disposal contractor
iii. Organizational defaults of the waste disposal contractor

iii.

Waste1)    
In t 2018 Point of disposal and reuse
Recycling    
 Paper, cardboard, and cartons from aircraft2)  - Sorting facilities, paper factory in Munich/Schrobenhausen (wastepaper recycling)
Paper, cardboard, and cartons from buildings 1,508  
Mixed reclaimed materials/waste for recycling from buildings  3,037 Sorting facilities, recycling firms in Eitting, Schwaig, Moosburg, and Munich
Top soil (humus-rich excavation material) 3) 2,776  
Mixed glass 248  
Wood 495  
Bulk waste 852  
Scrap metal containing electronic waste 626  
Other recyclables 4) 204  
Total recycling 9,736  
Other form of reuse (reuse of materials/energy)    
Food waste 5) 1,228 Biogas plant (energy recovery)
Waste from cleaning of aircraft cabin 6) - Munich North power plant (energy recovery)
Waste for disposal/prohibited liquids (terminal areas) 201  
Waste for disposal from buildings 706  
Building site waste (waste from dismantling, conversion, renovation, and maintenance measures)  3,207 Recycling/disposal firms (material recycling/pit filling)
Hazardous waste (FMG fraction only, excluding mineral wool) 321 Recycling/disposal firms (material recycling) or hazardous waste specialists in Munich and Ebenhausen (energy recovery, secondary fuels)
of which are subject to ADR (hazardous goods) rules 7) 251  
Other waste 8) 1032  
Total recycling 6,695  
Landfill waste    
Insulators (mineral wool) 9) 597  
Total landfill 597 Waste disposal site Spitzlberg, Landshut
Total amount 17,028  
1)  All quantities refer exclusively to the disposal processes organized by FMG waste management. This refers to the total figure reported (2018: 17,029 t). 
 

2) Disposal is no longer conducted by FMG waste management. Disposal and transport services were outsourced to a disposal company in April 2011.  
 

3) In 2018, the «disposal» (= recycling) of the «Top soil fraction» was handled by FMG waste management for the first time. The topsoil comes from construction projects (in 2018 from the renovation work on the district heating pipeline). 
 

4) For example foil, lightweight packaging 
 

5) ADR (Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par route): European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road 
 

6) For example runway wear, refuse, old tires, rubber waste 
 

7) Food waste disposal from the Allresto catering area in Terminal 2 only 
 
 
8) Waste from the cleaning of aircraft cabins and catering waste is processed by a disposal firm at the Munich North waste incineration plant/at the power plant in accordance with EC Regulation 1069/2009. Disposal is no longer FMG’s responsibility and has been conducted by a specialist contractor working on behalf of the Erding animal carcass disposal association since January 2011.  
 

9)  Insulators that are collected at a disposal specialist contracted on behalf of the district of Freising and sent away for proper disposal (landfill). Figure has increased in 2018 due to renovation/roof repair work (mineral wool)

Operations at Munich Airport involve a number of substances that are harmful to the environment and water; these must be declared as hazardous goods and transported off site. The vehicles used for transporting hazardous goods were inspected to verify that they are in proper condition and are roadworthy and safe to operate. Employee training on the handling of hazardous goods is held at regular intervals in accordance with legal regulations. In the year under review, 2018, a total of 251 tonnes of waste (previous year: 199 tonnes) declared as hazardous goods were transported away for disposal.  
Further information: Sustainability indicators
Industry-specific additions

De-icers used

 
 
  2017/2018
Apron de-icer in t2) 4,699
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type I) in m3 5,139
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type IV) in m3 879
Recycling rate of Type I de-icer used in % 64.9
Number of days of winter operations 58
1)Seasonal database/fluctuations in year-on-year comparisons are linked to winter weather conditions. 
 

2)Liquid potassium formate and sodium formate granules

The company responsible for de-icing operations at Munich Airport, Gesellschaft für Enteisen und Flugzeugschleppen am Flughafen München mbH (EFM), uses glycol-based de-icer that is sprayed onto aircraft by de-icing vehicles. The low-viscosity Type I de-icer is mixed with water in a ratio 55:45, heated, and applied to the aircraft at a temperature of 85 degrees Celsius. Type IV de-icer contains thickeners, making it viscous. It is sprayed on cold and undiluted.  
  
The de-icer that drips off the aircraft is collected underground and treated in the airport’s own recycling system. With this recycling process, the aircraft de-icer used is treated and reused. Ground filters in the area around the heads of the runways prevent de-icer from entering into the groundwater, if the wind blows it onto surrounding green areas. At the same time, they are used to retain and clean the collected waste de-icer. Depending on the level of contamination, it is routed to a body of water or – during harsh winters where lots of de-icer is used – sent straight to the sewage plant.

Bavarian Environmental Pact  
Munich Airport is continuing to participate in the Bavarian Environmental Pact for the period 2016 to 2020. The Bavarian Environmental Pact is a driving force behind the development of new methods and areas of focus, aimed at the sustainable development of Bavaria. The new focus topics of the environmental pact are biodiversity and nature conservation. The overriding goal is to improve the ecological, economic and social foundations of current and future generations in Bavaria. Flughafen München GmbH can also identify very easily with this goal and therefore benefits mutually from its involvement in the pact.